Overall, the studies begun by Working Group 1 in some European countries could be carried out for all of Europe. The primary area in need of further investigation is in the development of a Europe-wide system through which European cycling data, accident information and data about helmet usage could be continuously collected. Such data can be more uniformly, accurately, comprehensively and effectively collected, shared and distributed. Only then can we analyse and interpret Europe-wide data in order to evaluate the true influence of helmets on increasing bicycle safety.
In addition, improvements to helmet design and helmet usage standards, customised for each type of bicycle, can increase helmet effectiveness and the likelihood that cyclists will actually wear protective headgear. Further research can support the need for improved protection zones and side-impact panels.